Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development

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Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development

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Optimization of drying through analytical modeling: clays as bonding agents in refractory materials

Terzić, Anja; Pezo, Lato; Mitić, Vojislav

(Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Terzić, Anja
AU  - Pezo, Lato
AU  - Mitić, Vojislav
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rims.institutims.rs/handle/123456789/290
AB  - The objective of this study was to investigate the clay drying as a unit operation in the refractory materials processing. Two clays that varied in chemical and mineralogical compositions were experimentally tested in a laboratory dryer. The results obtained on the green samples prior to drying indicated that clays have adequate plasticity and refractoriness for application in shaped refractories. The operating parameters of the dryer were regulated: temperature ranged from 40 to 60 degrees C, humidity increased in the interval 30-70%; and the airstream rate was 1.3 m/s. The correlation analysis between operating parameters and calculated and/or measured drying outputs was conducted for better comprehension of the clay's role as a refractory binder. Subsequently, a mathematical optimization of the drying regime was conveyed. The effect of the variables (operation parameters) on the drying parameters (critical moisture, equilibrium moisture, dryness degree, etc.) was compared and evaluated. The response surface method, standard score analysis, cluster method, and principal component analysis were used as a means of the drying regime optimization. Assessment of the drying regime impact on the dried samples quality highlighted optimal result for both clay types: SS=0.95, temperature 50 degrees C, and humidity 40%. Multiple comparison analyses pointed out that optimized combination of the drying operation parameters decreases the quantity of conducted tests. Furthermore, optimal combination of drying parameters reduces negative effects of clay binder inherent properties on the resulting product which in return improves energetic and economic sustainability of refractories production.
PB  - Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford
T2  - Ceramics International
T1  - Optimization of drying through analytical modeling: clays as bonding agents in refractory materials
EP  - 6311
IS  - 5
SP  - 6301
VL  - 42
DO  - 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.01.018
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Terzić, Anja and Pezo, Lato and Mitić, Vojislav",
year = "2016",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to investigate the clay drying as a unit operation in the refractory materials processing. Two clays that varied in chemical and mineralogical compositions were experimentally tested in a laboratory dryer. The results obtained on the green samples prior to drying indicated that clays have adequate plasticity and refractoriness for application in shaped refractories. The operating parameters of the dryer were regulated: temperature ranged from 40 to 60 degrees C, humidity increased in the interval 30-70%; and the airstream rate was 1.3 m/s. The correlation analysis between operating parameters and calculated and/or measured drying outputs was conducted for better comprehension of the clay's role as a refractory binder. Subsequently, a mathematical optimization of the drying regime was conveyed. The effect of the variables (operation parameters) on the drying parameters (critical moisture, equilibrium moisture, dryness degree, etc.) was compared and evaluated. The response surface method, standard score analysis, cluster method, and principal component analysis were used as a means of the drying regime optimization. Assessment of the drying regime impact on the dried samples quality highlighted optimal result for both clay types: SS=0.95, temperature 50 degrees C, and humidity 40%. Multiple comparison analyses pointed out that optimized combination of the drying operation parameters decreases the quantity of conducted tests. Furthermore, optimal combination of drying parameters reduces negative effects of clay binder inherent properties on the resulting product which in return improves energetic and economic sustainability of refractories production.",
publisher = "Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford",
journal = "Ceramics International",
title = "Optimization of drying through analytical modeling: clays as bonding agents in refractory materials",
pages = "6311-6301",
number = "5",
volume = "42",
doi = "10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.01.018"
}
Terzić, A., Pezo, L.,& Mitić, V.. (2016). Optimization of drying through analytical modeling: clays as bonding agents in refractory materials. in Ceramics International
Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford., 42(5), 6301-6311.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.01.018
Terzić A, Pezo L, Mitić V. Optimization of drying through analytical modeling: clays as bonding agents in refractory materials. in Ceramics International. 2016;42(5):6301-6311.
doi:10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.01.018 .
Terzić, Anja, Pezo, Lato, Mitić, Vojislav, "Optimization of drying through analytical modeling: clays as bonding agents in refractory materials" in Ceramics International, 42, no. 5 (2016):6301-6311,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.01.018 . .
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Artificial fly ash based aggregates properties influence on lightweight concrete performances

Terzić, Anja; Pezo, Lato; Mitić, Vojislav; Radojević, Zagorka

(Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Terzić, Anja
AU  - Pezo, Lato
AU  - Mitić, Vojislav
AU  - Radojević, Zagorka
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rims.institutims.rs/handle/123456789/267
AB  - The effect of the application of pelletized fly ash based aggregates obtained through different processing techniques on the behavior of lightweight concretes was analyzed. Experimental program implied production of four lightweight artificial aggregates-cold bonded and sintered pellets based on either mechanically activated or non-activated low-calcium fly ash and water glass. The lightweight concrete behavior was compared to that of normal-weight concrete through compressive strength, flexural strength, porosity, shrinkage, and modulus of elasticity investigation. Differences in concretes characteristics were discussed with SEM imagining support. The statistical analysis of lightweight aggregate and ash properties contribution on concrete performances was realized by analysis variance model (ANOVA). Optimal production combination that maximizes lightweight concrete performance was determined by employing response surface methodology. An increase in concrete strength induced by the increase in ash fineness was noticed. Mechanical activation also had effect on the pellets sintering period and sintering temperature reduction. The 28- and 56-day lightweight concrete specimens exhibited properties that met the requirements for normal-weight concretes. Finally, the ideal combinations of ash pellets production parameters and properties that gave the lightweight concrete with behavior matching to that of standard concrete were established. The production capability of lightweight concrete with advanced performances based on artificial aggregate approves the principle of waste material reusing and enables cleaner and economically sustainable concrete manufacturing procedure.
PB  - Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford
T2  - Ceramics International
T1  - Artificial fly ash based aggregates properties influence on lightweight concrete performances
EP  - 2726
IS  - 2
SP  - 2714
VL  - 41
DO  - 10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.10.086
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Terzić, Anja and Pezo, Lato and Mitić, Vojislav and Radojević, Zagorka",
year = "2015",
abstract = "The effect of the application of pelletized fly ash based aggregates obtained through different processing techniques on the behavior of lightweight concretes was analyzed. Experimental program implied production of four lightweight artificial aggregates-cold bonded and sintered pellets based on either mechanically activated or non-activated low-calcium fly ash and water glass. The lightweight concrete behavior was compared to that of normal-weight concrete through compressive strength, flexural strength, porosity, shrinkage, and modulus of elasticity investigation. Differences in concretes characteristics were discussed with SEM imagining support. The statistical analysis of lightweight aggregate and ash properties contribution on concrete performances was realized by analysis variance model (ANOVA). Optimal production combination that maximizes lightweight concrete performance was determined by employing response surface methodology. An increase in concrete strength induced by the increase in ash fineness was noticed. Mechanical activation also had effect on the pellets sintering period and sintering temperature reduction. The 28- and 56-day lightweight concrete specimens exhibited properties that met the requirements for normal-weight concretes. Finally, the ideal combinations of ash pellets production parameters and properties that gave the lightweight concrete with behavior matching to that of standard concrete were established. The production capability of lightweight concrete with advanced performances based on artificial aggregate approves the principle of waste material reusing and enables cleaner and economically sustainable concrete manufacturing procedure.",
publisher = "Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford",
journal = "Ceramics International",
title = "Artificial fly ash based aggregates properties influence on lightweight concrete performances",
pages = "2726-2714",
number = "2",
volume = "41",
doi = "10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.10.086"
}
Terzić, A., Pezo, L., Mitić, V.,& Radojević, Z.. (2015). Artificial fly ash based aggregates properties influence on lightweight concrete performances. in Ceramics International
Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford., 41(2), 2714-2726.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.10.086
Terzić A, Pezo L, Mitić V, Radojević Z. Artificial fly ash based aggregates properties influence on lightweight concrete performances. in Ceramics International. 2015;41(2):2714-2726.
doi:10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.10.086 .
Terzić, Anja, Pezo, Lato, Mitić, Vojislav, Radojević, Zagorka, "Artificial fly ash based aggregates properties influence on lightweight concrete performances" in Ceramics International, 41, no. 2 (2015):2714-2726,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.10.086 . .
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Energy conversion in phosphate ore grain mixture activated via ultra-centrifugal mill

Andrić, Ljubiša; Terzić, Anja; Petrov, Milan; Stojanović, Jovica; Kostović, Milena

(Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Andrić, Ljubiša
AU  - Terzić, Anja
AU  - Petrov, Milan
AU  - Stojanović, Jovica
AU  - Kostović, Milena
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rims.institutims.rs/handle/123456789/272
AB  - The aim of this investigation was to establish the optimal processing parameters of the comminuted phosphate grain mixture mechanical treatment by monitoring and evaluating the activated product characteristics. An ultra-centrifugal mill with a peripheral comminuting path was used as activator in the experiment. A mathematical model based on the theoretical principles of the grain mixture mechanical processing was applied in order to characterize the phosphate activation procedure. As the energy conversion that takes place by the interaction mill-material during activation is recorded on the processed phosphate grains, the increase in potential energy of the activated grains was measured by means of an automatic grain counter. Following the operating hypothesis of the automatic grain counter, the energy conversion and the properties of phosphate grains induced by mechanical force were monitored and expressed in the form of the grain inertia change. The phosphate ore grain mixture used in the experiment was thoroughly analyzed, particularly in its activated state. Analytically obtained results were supported by X-ray diffraction analysis for identification of crystalline phases and change in crystallinity, and SEM microphotography of initial and activated phosphate grains. Diverse comparison analyses disclosed that the optimal set of activation process parameters could reduce the negative effect of phosphate sample immanent properties on the final score and furthermore enhance the material reactivity.
PB  - Elsevier, Amsterdam
T2  - International Journal of Mineral Processing
T1  - Energy conversion in phosphate ore grain mixture activated via ultra-centrifugal mill
EP  - 11
SP  - 1
VL  - 143
DO  - 10.1016/j.minpro.2015.08.005
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Andrić, Ljubiša and Terzić, Anja and Petrov, Milan and Stojanović, Jovica and Kostović, Milena",
year = "2015",
abstract = "The aim of this investigation was to establish the optimal processing parameters of the comminuted phosphate grain mixture mechanical treatment by monitoring and evaluating the activated product characteristics. An ultra-centrifugal mill with a peripheral comminuting path was used as activator in the experiment. A mathematical model based on the theoretical principles of the grain mixture mechanical processing was applied in order to characterize the phosphate activation procedure. As the energy conversion that takes place by the interaction mill-material during activation is recorded on the processed phosphate grains, the increase in potential energy of the activated grains was measured by means of an automatic grain counter. Following the operating hypothesis of the automatic grain counter, the energy conversion and the properties of phosphate grains induced by mechanical force were monitored and expressed in the form of the grain inertia change. The phosphate ore grain mixture used in the experiment was thoroughly analyzed, particularly in its activated state. Analytically obtained results were supported by X-ray diffraction analysis for identification of crystalline phases and change in crystallinity, and SEM microphotography of initial and activated phosphate grains. Diverse comparison analyses disclosed that the optimal set of activation process parameters could reduce the negative effect of phosphate sample immanent properties on the final score and furthermore enhance the material reactivity.",
publisher = "Elsevier, Amsterdam",
journal = "International Journal of Mineral Processing",
title = "Energy conversion in phosphate ore grain mixture activated via ultra-centrifugal mill",
pages = "11-1",
volume = "143",
doi = "10.1016/j.minpro.2015.08.005"
}
Andrić, L., Terzić, A., Petrov, M., Stojanović, J.,& Kostović, M.. (2015). Energy conversion in phosphate ore grain mixture activated via ultra-centrifugal mill. in International Journal of Mineral Processing
Elsevier, Amsterdam., 143, 1-11.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.minpro.2015.08.005
Andrić L, Terzić A, Petrov M, Stojanović J, Kostović M. Energy conversion in phosphate ore grain mixture activated via ultra-centrifugal mill. in International Journal of Mineral Processing. 2015;143:1-11.
doi:10.1016/j.minpro.2015.08.005 .
Andrić, Ljubiša, Terzić, Anja, Petrov, Milan, Stojanović, Jovica, Kostović, Milena, "Energy conversion in phosphate ore grain mixture activated via ultra-centrifugal mill" in International Journal of Mineral Processing, 143 (2015):1-11,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.minpro.2015.08.005 . .
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